3,500-year-old burial of Nubian woman reveals one of world’s earliest known cases of rheumatoid arthritis

3,500-year-old burial of Nubian woman reveals one of world’s earliest known cases of rheumatoid arthritis

The 3,500-year-old skeleton of an ancient Nubian woman may be one of the world’s earliest known cases of rheumatoid arthritis, scientists say.

Archaeologists discovered the woman’s skeletal remains in 2018 while excavating a cemetery located along the banks of the Nile near Aswan, in southern Egypt. Analyzes revealed that she would have stood about 5 feet (1.5 meters) tall, was about 25 to 30 years old when she died, and lived sometime between 1750 and 1550 BC. The researchers published their case study in the March issue of International Journal of Paleopathology.

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