The ABCs of OCD: learn about obsessive-compulsive disorder and how to deal with it – Health News

The ABCs of OCD: learn about obsessive-compulsive disorder and how to deal with it – Health News

A new study says people with OCD are likely to die sooner. When asked if it is a real disorder, Dr Achal Bhagat, Senior Consultant, Psychiatrist and Psychotherapist, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals and Chairman, Saarthak Mental Health Services, said, “Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or OCD It is a common and distressing type of anxiety disorder. . Up to 4% of people can live with it. But OCD is neither occasional repetitive thinking nor simply a need to be meticulous or clean. It is a set of anxiety-related symptoms that cause distress and interfere with a person’s daily life. In OCD, the person experiences some illogical and intrusive thoughts, ideas, images or doubts over and over again. These thoughts have been combined with anxiety. They cause significant distress. These thoughts intrude on whatever else the person is doing.

The second component is compulsion, an action or thought, that the person suffering from obsessions has to repeat over and over again to cope with or neutralize the anxiety linked to obsessive thoughts. Compulsive acts are a common way of coping with the anxiety created by an obsession.

OCD can start early in life, even in childhood. It affects both men and women. The most common form of obsession experienced is related to pollution. For example, an obsessive thought like “I got dirty” is accompanied by intense feelings of anxiety. This anxiety experience responds only to repeated acts of handwashing. The thought is triggered again and anxiety is experienced again and you have to wash your hands again.

What are the medical reasons?

While the precise causes of OCD are unknown, researchers believe that the condition is caused by a combination of biological and environmental factors. Imbalances in brain chemistry, particularly in the neurotransmitter serotonin, appear to play a role. Studies also reveal a genetic relationship, since OCD is hereditary. While stress and traumatic situations are not directly responsible for causing OCD, they can trigger the onset of symptoms or even worsen them. Finally, in rare cases, childhood infections have been linked to the development of OCD.

Is there any treatment?

Most people respond to OCD treatment. The cure is not magical and symptoms may be exacerbated from time to time, but the quality of life of a person living with OCD improves significantly with treatments.

Some of them are:

Medicines: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, and paroxetine, can help control serotonin levels and relieve OCD symptoms in many people.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): This is the primary psychological treatment for OCD. CBT allows people to transform their obsessive habits and cognitive processes.

Neuromodulation treatments: Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the brain is a promising new area of ​​treatment. It is non-invasive and people who do not respond to medications or psychological treatments are likely to respond to TMS.

When can OCD become dangerous?

An alarmist new study suggests not only distress but also a shorter life expectancy for people living with OCD. However, that is not true for most people with OCD.

If left untreated, OCD can cause significant distress and disability. While violent obsessions are rare, severe guilt can undermine patients’ mental health if they have persistent thoughts of harming others. Most people living with OCD can control their symptoms and live a functional and satisfying life with a combination of treatment, medications, self-help approaches, and lifestyle. modifications.

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